Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State UniversityBulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University2311-14022686-8784Nizhnevartovsk State University49384Research ArticleSetting the problem of organizational systemanalysis and synthesisShulginO. VAssistant Professor at the Department of Mathematics and Methods of Teaching Mathematics.shul.oleg.val@mail.ruNizhnevartovsk State University150920153455305112020Copyright © 2015, Shulgin O.V.2015This paper studies organizational systems as open systems and it is devoted to the problems of formalizing the organizational structure of systems in close connection with their system functions (problems of system analysis and synthesis). The work is aimed at setting a general problem of analysis and synthesis of organizational systems and is based on the theory of systems and system analysis methods. Here we consider the general problem of organizational systemanalysis and synthesis through a system approach. Each task is a series of consistently formulated subtasks. The work raises the problems of determining the parameters characterizing elementary objects of organizational systems and gives an idea of elementary functions implemented by these objects, as well as of the relationships between them. We study the peculiarities of analysis of closed and open systems and introduce a description of the relationship between system elements as square matrices. The work sets the problems of environmental impact on the system’s structure, characterizes dependent and independent subsystems and sets a task of system synthesis within the definition of emergent functions (system functions). We consistently set forth synthesis subtasks through defining mathematical functions of environmental impact on the system and its state, system’s impact on the external environment, and changes in the environment impacted by the system. The research resulted in defining the key areas and algorithm for simulating structural relationships of organizational systems relevant for the development of simulation models of organization’s operation and design of information systems for corporate management.systemsystems analysismodeling of organizational systemsсистемасистемный анализмоделирование организационных систем[Анфилатов В.С., Емельянов А.А., Кукушкин А.А. Системный анализ в управлении: Учеб. пособие / Под ред. А.А. Емельянова. - М., 2002.][Волкова В.Н. Искусство формализации: От математики - к теории систем, и от теории систем - к математике. - СПб., 1999; Изд. 2-е. - СПб., 2004.][Гайдес М.А. Общая теория систем (системы и системный анализ). - М., 2005.][Козлов В.Н. Системный анализ и принятие решений: Учеб. пособие. - СПб., 2000.][Новосельцев В.И., Тарасов Б.В., Голиков В.К. Теоретические основы системного анализа. - М., 2006.][Попов В.Н., Касьянов В.С., Савченко И.П. Системный анализ в менеджменте. - М., 2007.]