Vol 53, No 1 (2021)

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Full Issue

Статьи
On the issue the formation and development of professional competencies of a student - a future history teacher
Antonova A.V.
Abstract

The article considers the urgent problem of modern higher pedagogical education related to the formation and development of professional competencies of a future teacher. The purpose of the article is to identify, on the basis of analysis of federal state educational standards of higher education, as well as own pedagogical experience of the professional competencies of a future history teacher, which are necessary to improve the quality of teacher training in the process of educational and extracurricular work at a university. The article presents various interpretations of the concept of “professional competencies of a teacher” presented by both domestic and foreign researchers. Based on the analysis of professional tasks and activities declared in the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Professional Education and Higher Professional Education (2011, 2014, 2016, 2018). Five professional competencies of a history teacher have been identified. They are included in the curricula and working curricula for the disciplines of the subject preparation of the bachelor's degree (profile “History and Social Studies”): “Methods of teaching and upbringing in historical education”, “Use of information and communication technologies in teaching history”, “Game technologies in teaching and upbringing”, "Pedagogical workshops" as additional to the general professional competencies contained in the federal state educational standard of higher education. The formation of professional competencies of future history teachers is carried out as part of the students' academic work, and their development and practical application in the process of extracurricular work. The professional competencies of the teacher are characterized by his level of professional training, his attitude to work, to himself and affect the effectiveness of the implementation of educational and educational work in school.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):5-12
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On the formation of soft skills in foreign research
Ivashkova A.A.
Abstract

The article analyzes foreign psychological and pedagogical studies on the problem of the formation of flexible skills in college students. Undoubtedly, today's students are the future employers and employees of the world's most profitable enterprises. The difficult situation in the modern economy shows that it is no longer enough for new graduates to have only knowledge in academic subjects, they are increasingly required to increase the level of additional skills that cannot be obtained in the learning process: creativity, responsibility, communication skills, and many others. For students to stand out as promising assets for multinational organizations, they must invest in the development of what are designated as soft skills. They will increase his prospect of successful employment. Therefore, employers especially value people who have well-developed skills. Soft skills are useful in all areas and are related to emotional intelligence. We could say that soft skills refer to personality traits, social grace, fluency of language, personal habits, friendliness, and optimism. Flexible skills complement the rigid skills that are the technical requirements of the profession. It can also be an important part of an organization, especially if the organization deals with people face-to-face. This study provides an overview of foreign literature devoted to the study of the formation of soft skills. According to most Western scientists, flexible skills are the most important competencies necessary for the successful realization of potential; the professional education system is not ready for the formation of soft skills, as a result, a radical change in educational programs and curricula is required; the formation of soft skills involves the use of modern innovative technologies and the involvement of leading specialists in various fields. Soft skills – super-professional skills that help you solve life problems and work with other people. Soft skills can not be learned in a training or course, they are laid down in childhood and develop throughout life.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):13-17
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Research of sociocultural family value in the consciousness of military university cadets
Len A.A., Torkunova O.I., Filonenko L.V.
Abstract

The article examines the sociocultural value of the family in the minds of military university cadets in the light of changes that have occurred in the marriage and family sphere in modern Russian society. The first part of the article reveals relevance of this problem, content of terminal values, their classification and characteristics of individual groups. The article highlights some trends that occurred in the public consciousness of the late XX – early XXI centuries concerning the values of the marriage and family sphere. To get a deeper insight into the nature of this problem, the authors studied many works, compared the leading scientific approaches of scientists in the study of terminal values. The article examines theoretical ideas about family and marriage relations and the results of empirical research of social and cultural family values in the minds of students in the framework of teaching at the Department for military and political work, Russian Air Force Military Educational and Scientific Center “Air Force Academy “Professor N.E. Zhukovsky and Major Y.A. Gagarin”. The authors provide data from the methods and conduct a detailed qualitative analysis of the level of life-meaning orientations and the most significant terminal values of cadets. The educational impact on cadets in order to form the value of the family in a military University is complex. The content of training programs in the disciplines “Psychology”, “Psychology and Pedagogy”, “Personnel Management in the armed forces of the Russian Federation” is aimed at solving this problem. The article makes an important conclusion that the training of cadets for family life is a significant part of military-political work in a military university, and the adjustment and formation of terminal values of young people in accordance with socially significant values is achievable with a systematic, purposeful psychological and pedagogical process of training cadets for marital and family relationship.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):18-23
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Implementation of socio-pedagogical conditions of spiritual and moral development of students in the educational process of the university
Ibragimova L.A., Mekhdieva I.D.
Abstract

The article, dedicated to the actual problem of spiritual and moral development and education of bachelors of the pedagogical direction, presents a meaningful analysis of the possibilities and prospects of educational and other organizations carrying out educational activities in the implementation of spiritual and moral development and education of students in social and pedagogical conditions. The directions of interaction between educational organizations and students are determined as a condition for the spiritual and moral development of students in the educational process of the university. The ideas of enlightenment and educational activities for the spiritual and moral development of students of the university, the teachers themselves, based on the basic national values and traditions of national culture. The article presents the fundamental principles of spiritual and moral education and development of bachelors. The main directions of work on the formation of basic concepts included in the structure of self-consciousness are proposed. The role of the consolidating participants in the educational process in the spiritual and moral education of young people is determined. An attempt has been made to analyze educational programs focused on solving the problems of education, development and socialization of university students.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):24-31
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Preparation future bachelors of non-linguistic specialties for intercultural interaction
Surgutskova G.A.
Abstract

The process of globalization is currently developing. The process of globalization leads to the expansion of interactions between different countries, peoples and their cultures. Scientific cooperation, trade and tourism, cultural exchanges and direct contacts between state institutions, social groups, and social movements contribute to this process. Communication with people of different cultures becomes an important element of ordinary person's life. Higher education institutions are more often involved in intercultural communication and dialogue of cultures, namely, they exchange students, and teachers participate in joint projects and have internships abroad. Intercultural interaction of students is one of the main aspects of successful adaptation in the international academic environment. It allows foreign students to feel much closer to each other and to regulate the adaptation process over a long period. Today we are witnessing the development of elements of cultural identity. Higher education institutions need to determine the most effective forms and methods of working with students. These forms will prepare them for cross-cultural interaction, especially in the context of academic mobility. In the article, the author reveals the features of the dialogue of cultures in relation to intercultural interaction on the example of higher educational institutions. In the article, the difficulties encountered by university students in intercultural interaction were analyzed. The main reasons for communication problems that arise during the preparation of bachelors in non-linguistic fields were identified. An attempt has been made to reveal the problems that students face in the process of intercultural interaction, and to show their dependence on the type of culture. In the process of intercultural interaction, the parties seek to resolve their problems: to preserve their identity, to become part of the culture in which they now exist, etc. The dialogue of cultures in the modern educational environment makes it possible to formulate the patterns of students’ communication in foreign languages. The author draws attention to the fact that preparing students to interact with people of other cultures is an important and necessary stage in the process of their “infusion” into the international academic community.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):32-39
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Independent training of students for seminars on the discipline “Regional Folk Singing Styles”
Solovyova I.N.
Abstract

The article considers the key aspects of individual work performed by undergraduate students of Russian institutions of higher education of creative orientation educated in training direction “Art of Folk Singing”, as a part of preparation for workshop (seminar) sessions run within the frames of the academic discipline “Regional Styles of Folk Singing”. On the author’s view, one of the most important condition for today’s undergraduate students’ good self-education and fostering of a further folk singing culture specialist’s professionally valuable qualities is appreciation of significance of a role of a modern student’s individual work in general structure of pedagogical process running in the Russian higher school. The author of the paper briefly describes a typical structure of a workshop (seminar), its key management tasks and principles. Steps of an algorithm of information search and analysis of education materials by students are disclosed. The article outlines the author’s opinion on content peculiarities of issue-related calendar plan of academic discipline “Regional Styles of Folk Singing” that discloses particularly through a workshop (seminar) form. Also, the specifics of management of a workshop (seminar) are given; the author notices importance of a workshop (seminar) in the context of training students’ ability to apply received knowledge, skills practically.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):40-47
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Basic educational content development for distanse learning: theory and practice
Plastinina N.A., Grigorieva E.S.
Abstract

With the increase in implanting the information and computing technologies into learning during 1990-2020s, it has become obvious that e-learning is going to become both a global tendency and a crucial change in the quality, form and methodology of education. The pandemic of COVID 19 with its massive global shift to distance learning brought to focus the need to revise the strategies and policies in education in general and the critical importance for appropriate digital training for university teachers in particular to boost their readiness, preparedness and ability to adapt to the changing conditions of the educational environment. The study shows that the teacher’s skills to create high-quality basic content for distance learning are crucial for successful teaching online. The plethora of conditions, criteria and factors affecting the quality of educational content for effective online teaching is examined. The article details the stages and principles of designing the basic content of an e-learning course. Using text editors and information visualization tools as examples the authors propose practical recommendations for content development. The study brings to focus some key concepts of e-learning methodology. The authors imply that to create quality content, a teacher needs knowledge and skills in pedagogical design, computing, time management and online communication. The proposed principles for the basic educational content development and criteria suggested have and educators involved in e-courses development, as well as to a wide range of users.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):48-55
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Personal indicators of academic mobility of students with disabilities in the context of professional training
Volosnikova L.M., Kukuev E.A., Ogorodnova O.V., Patrusheva I.V.
Abstract

The openness of a modern university ensures that students from heterogeneous groups are included in education.  Academic mobility is a significant trend in the global educational space. The success of the education of students with disabilities is determined by their personal readiness to be active and academically mobile. The authors note a tendency towards the implementation of academic mobility in the process of professional training mainly through the creation of external conditions.  At the same time, insufficient attention is paid to the analysis of mobility as a personal education, which determines the weak provision of the mechanisms of its formation, especially among students with disabilities. The purpose of this study is to analyze the personal indicators of academic mobility of students with disabilities based on respondents' portfolios containing information about the facts of academic mobility in the experience of students, a survey about the perceptions and motivation of respondents to implement academic mobility, the Tomsk Rigidity Questionnaire G.V. Zalevsky. The results obtained indicate the low activity of students in educational, scientific activities that go beyond the educational program.  At the same time, more than half of the respondents are ready for academic mobility.  Comparative analysis of the studied components in the samples of students with health standards and with disabilities showed: lack of expression of rigidity in students with disabilities; correlations between the characteristics of rigidity and disability features; the severity of the components of personal readiness for academic mobility among students with disabilities. The presented results are unique and prove the importance of inclusive transformation of the educational space of universities to ensure the possibility of learning and academic mobility of students of heterogeneous groups.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):56-65
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Methods for development of creative expression of college students in music composition
Pavlov D.N.
Abstract

The development of a person's creative self-realization is one of the main guidelines for the modernization of the modern Russian education system. However, an analysis of the content of curricula, programs, the state of the modern practice of teaching students of colleges of culture and arts enrolled in specialties related to musical art, indicates a lack of attention of teachers to the problem of creative self-realization of students. Mastering by students of musical and compositional activity can contribute to their successful mastery of the means of musical expression, finding their own methods of creative self-realization. The author of the article concludes that the process of development of creative self-realization among students of colleges of culture and arts in musical-compositional activity is a gradual transition from self-knowledge and self-assessment by students of their capabilities in the implementation of this activity, – through the formation of their skills and abilities of musical improvisation, composing music, developing motivation for self-development, developing creativity, – for self-assertion of students and self-assessment of the results of musical and compositional activity. The article presents a methodology for the development of creative self-realization of students of colleges of culture and arts in musical and compositional activities, including: forms of education - small-group, individual and practical classes; forms of extracurricular activities - a music room, a music lecture hall, a creative workshop; teaching methods - observation of music, research, brainstorming, author's introspection, associative, portfolio; techniques - explanations of one's own actions, feedback, reflection; methods and techniques of creative work - combination, transformation, sketch work.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):66-73
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Use of formative assessment at foreign language classes in higher education institute
Orekhova Y.M.
Abstract

The article is devoted to the problem of modernization of the education process in higher education institutes related to the implementation of the new Federal educational standard. The new educational paradigm requires searching for new innovative ways of forming of the key competences for personal and professional development. Russian scientists point to the situation in modern pedagogy when the use of innovative teaching methods contradicts traditional assessment systems. In the context of competence-based approach this contradiction can be eliminated by the introduction of new assessment methods, and then by the creation of assessment tools. The author suggests using the technology of formative assessment for the achievement of the educational and cognitive aspects of a foreign language class and the development of students’ regulatory skills. The key ideas of formative assessment technology, feasibility of its usage at foreign language classes in high school and phases of its implementation into the educational process are described in the present article. The educational and cognitive aspects are graphically presented in the system “school-university”. The educational and regulative students’ skills (self-control, self-evaluation, self-regulation) developed by the regular use of the technology at classes are listed. The author analyzes the main techniques of formative assessment technology (criteria-based assessment, comment from a teacher, mind map, self-report, feed-back), the implementation of which is thought to be the most effective at university, and give examples of their use at English classes.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):74-80
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The operator´s states of ergatic sistem in the focus of pedagogical activity
Maslenko N.V.
Abstract

Human conditions and ways of their regulation are presented as a significant problem of a specialist included into the system “human-technical device”. Unfavorable human-operator's states in the ergmatic system reduce the specialist's cognitive functions, lead to errors and failures in the systems operation. Possible means and experience in assessing the states of operators of systems of special importance are listed. The task of increasing the reliability of work of ergatic systems by means of self-regulation of states at operators is updated. The research of students', graduates', and specialists' ideas about the states and methods of their regulation is described; deficits of students' and specialists' ideas about the states of operators and their importance in the work of ergmatic systems are revealed. Additional guidelines for professional training of specialists in technical areas and specialties, which are able to ensure the reliability of ergonomic systems' operation by self-regulation of operators' own states, have been identified. The author's concept “information-analytical readiness of operators in conditions of risks and uncertainty” is presented. Information-analytical readiness of operator in the sphere of production is directed to increase the reliability of work of ergmatic system; in the sphere of professional education it becomes one of the priority tasks in pedagogical activity. The content of the Model of an educational institution graduate in technical directions and specialties has been specified. A number of activities of the educational environment for the implementation of the new model have been outlined.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):81-87
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Pedagogical modeling as a construct of theoretization and scientific search
Kozyreva O.A.
Abstract

The article considers the possibility of using pedagogical modeling in the system of continuous education and professional-pedagogical relations. The features of the formulation and solution of the problems of improving the quality of the formation of the needs and possibilities of using pedagogical modeling in the system of continuous education and professional-pedagogical relations at the levels of secondary vocational education, higher education and vocational education are given. The concepts of “pedagogical modeling”, “theorization”, “functions of using pedagogical modeling”, “models for improving the quality of posing and solving problems of theorization and pedagogical modeling”, “principles for improving the quality of posing and solving problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling”, “technology for improving quality” are clarified posing and solving the problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling”, “pedagogical conditions for improving the quality of posing and solving the problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling. The functions of using pedagogical modeling, models for improving the quality of posing and solving problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling, principles for improving the quality of posing and solving problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling, pedagogical conditions for improving the quality of posing and solving problems of theorizing and pedagogical modeling are highlighted. The statistical results of the analysis of the quality of the use of pedagogical modeling in the system of secondary professional education, secondary professional education is presented.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):88-94
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Personality-oriented approach to the development of emotional regulation in future medical professionals
Isupov P.V.
Abstract

The purpose of the publication is to actualize the problem of the development of emotional regulation in medical college students as future mid-level medical specialists. It is known that the medical profession belongs to professions characterized by significant emotional, physical and mental stress, which can cause professional deformations in specialists, including emotional burnout. Experiencing the influence of emotiogenic factors, negative emotional experiences, the specialist intuitively resorts to the mechanisms of psychological defense, which contributes to the development, on the one hand, of non-constructive strategies of professional behavior towards the patient (rudeness, callousness, indifference); on the other hand, the constant encounter with difficulties, with the experience of negative emotions, with difficult events (illness, suffering, death) reduces the personal emotional resource and leads the specialist to emotional burnout. Personality-oriented and axiological approaches were chosen to study the indicated problem. The study proves that emotional regulation develops in stages, and the first stages are logical to the ontological development of the individual. In the course of the pedagogical experiment, it was proved that the students of the medical college deliberately chose their future profession, demonstrate sufficient educational motivation, while just over a quarter of the students have the optimal level of development of emotional regulation. The conducted research proves the necessity and possibility of pedagogical influence during the period of professional training of future mid-level medical specialists. As a solution to this problem, the author of the publication proposes to develop emotional regulation at the stage of professional education. The development of the value-semantic level of emotional regulation in the process of vocational education is provided by a complex of organizational and pedagogical conditions for the interiorization of professional values and meanings by students of the medical college. Among the conditions tested were the development of reflexive skills, value-semantic mediation, mastering strategies of emotional regulation. The results of the experiment confirmed the legitimacy of the developed theoretical provisions and organizational and pedagogical conditions.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):95-101
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Business communication cultures of military students
Erofeev D.V.
Abstract

The business communication culture is an inalienable aspect of the professional activity of military personnel. The analysis of the essence and content of the business communication culture demonstrated by military students revealed some gaps in the development of this academic discipline in the military universities of the Russian Federation. The need to study this problem is acquiring scientific topicality and practical importance. The military service persons are more actively involved into business activities now but their level of preparedness to conduct business communication in the social and service sphere is rather low. Scientific and practical solutions to this contradiction can become an important component in the general program of transformations in the training of military specialists and further research. This research aimed to determine the conditions for the effective functioning of the process of forming a business communication culture among students of military universities. The practical task of the research was to form a business communication culture and to actualize the process of its formation among students of military universities. To solve the task, theoretical methods were used such as analysis of thesis research; comparative analysis of philosophical, sociological, psychological and pedagogical literature; and study and generalization of advanced pedagogical experience. The methodological basis was a set of basic approaches, namely, systemic, activity-based, axiological, and cultural. The study showed that the effectiveness of the process of forming a business communication culture is ensured by the implementation of a framework of pedagogical conditions, which was developed in this study, and is determined by the selected research methodology and the peculiarities of the studied phenomenon, i.e. the business communication culture of military students.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):102-108
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Monitoring readiness of students of senior medical university courses for professional activity
Zholudova A.N., Polyakova O.V.
Abstract

The article presents the results of monitoring of senior medical students, including those with disabilities and / or with disabilities, which included testing and an oral survey aimed at determining their professional readiness. Modern approaches to training specialists for the field of practical health care, their professional mobility within the industry, the development of high-tech medicine, the need of society for a variety of specialists in the field of practical health care and the decline in the prestige and popularity of a number of medical specialties cause the problem of readiness of senior students of medical universities for professional activity. The relevance of this research is due to the following factors: increasing integration of medical education and practical health care, increasing their role in science and society, changing the structure and content of medical education; the existing need to study the process of forming the readiness of senior students of medical universities for professional activity; the need to identify new ways and means of forming the readiness of senior students of medical universities for professional activity.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):109-115
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Video lecture as an example of digital technologies implementation in the educational process of the university
Variyasova E.V., Ivanova E.A., Karnyushina V.V.
Abstract

The active development of digital technologies has had a significant impact on the educational process. Higher education institutions en masse switch to distance learning courses, vlogs, video hosting, popular science educational platforms. All of these platforms provide lectures in various branches of knowledge, regardless the curriculum, level of education, or even professional orientation.

The development of modern media formats implies the possibility of active interaction with content. Can the format of video lecture meet these requirements? Or does the content consumer remain passive and can’t influence anything? How long will such training format exist, and what are its prospects? In such rapidly changing conditions of life, the skills of flexibility and adaptation are applied to the educational process and teaching formats likewise. To improve the efficiency of work, everyone, including teachers, lecturers and students, needs to quickly adjust and adapt.

The authors of the article attempted to explore the popularity and effectiveness of video lectures, identify the problems related to this form of teaching, and offer some possible solutions to create an educational model of online interaction that would promote the development of communication and learning skills.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):116-123
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Features of the organization of work on teaching the skills of first aid skills in a technical university
Bardina E.G., Yanchiy S.V.
Abstract

An inquiry into the modern scientific sources and the global and Russian trends in the development of human life safety issues pointed to the importance of premedical first aid knowledge and skills. This study considered the organization of educational and extracurricular processes of the graduate department of a technical university aimed at the formation of premedical first aid skills in students. It examined the possibilities of the university divisions and the features of how educational, extracurricular, career guidance and other training work is organized in two structural divisions where the teaching staff of the department takes part in the activity under study. The paper offers examples of the author developments in teaching Health and Wellness (all Bachelor majors and training programs) to Bachelor, Master and Specialist students in groups assigned to the graduate department. The types of work that contribute to acquiring the necessary competencies by students of the Institute of Postgraduate Professional Education were analyzed. The paper shows additional possibilities of the graduate department in the organization of extracurricular and vocational guidance activities, aimed at formation of the premedical first aid skills, and gives examples of activities in which the practical component is particularly important. A distinction of all activities in which the teaching staff of the department participates is that they are held consistently, thus contributing to the consolidation of the learning outcome in students of different categories at a technical university.

Bulletin of Nizhnevartovsk State University. 2021;53(1):124-131
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